Three phase induction motors employ a simple construction made up of a stator covered with electromagnets, and a rotor composed of conductors shorted at each end, arranged as a “squirrel cage”. They focus on the theory of induction in which a rotating electro-magnetic field it produced by applying a three-stage current at the stators electromagnets. Therefore induces a current within the rotor’s conductors, which in turns creates rotor’s magnetic field that attempts to follow stator’s magnetic field, pulling the rotor into rotation.
Great things about AC Induction Motors are:
Induction motors are simple and rugged in building. They are Induction in Motor better quality and can operate in virtually any environmental condition
Induction motors are cheaper in expense due to simple rotor construction, absence of brushes, commutators, and slip rings
They are maintenance free motors unlike dc motors due to the absence of brushes, commutators and slip rings
Induction motors could be operated in polluted and explosive conditions as they don’t have brushes that may cause sparks
AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Machines meaning that the rotor does not convert at the precise same speed because the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator quickness is necessary in order to generate the induction in to the rotor. The difference between your two is called the slip. Slip should be kept within an optimal range in order for the motor to use effectively. Roboteq AC Induction controllers can be configured to operate in another of three modes:
Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open loop mode in which a command causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Voltage modify.
Controlled Slip: a Shut Loop speed where voltage and frequency are controlled to keep slip inside a narrow range while working at a preferred speed.
Field Oriented Control (Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Speed and Torque control that functions by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.
Find this video from Learning Engineering for a visual illustration on how AC Induction Motors are constructed and function.